Argentina  Travel Guide : Food, hotel, Cost, Weather & geography, History, language, culture, things to see and do and how to reach

You can find about travel advice such as public places & services, best restaurants, activities, sightseen and other key facts of the Argentina .

Argentina is a country in the southern half of South America. It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), making it the largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world. It is the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world. Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration, mainly Italians and Spaniards, radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; over 60% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry, and the Argentine culture has significant connections to the Italian culture.

The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh-wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. According to the Maddison Historical Statistics Project, Argentina had the world's highest real GDP per capita during 1895 and 1896, and was consistently in the top ten before at least 1920. Currently, it is ranked 71st in the world. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, although it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow and vice president, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, before being overthrown in 1976. The following military junta persecuted and murdered thousands of political critics, activists, and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism and civil unrest that lasted over until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as president in 1983.Argentina ranks very high in the Human Development Index, the second-highest in Latin America after Chile. It is a regional power, and retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. It maintains the second-largest economy in South America, and is a member of G-15 and G20. Argentina is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States.

Foods in  Argentina :
(1) Asado: BBQ Everything : 

It combines delicious meat with fire and a grill. Popular meats for asado include pork, chicken, sausages, and churrasco  (a beef sirloin).Fine asado cooking uses a parilla. This is a large iron grill designed for optimal barbecuing.These dishes are so tender, juicy, and delicious that vegetarians may be tempted to try some asado-style meat.

(2) Empanadas: An Argentine Staple : 

An empanada is one of Argentina’s most popular street foods. Also, typically served as an appetizer. They were brought over by Spanish immigrants during the 16th century.Empanadas are stuffed dough pockets. They’re commonly baked or fried. Empanadas are stuffed with different meats such as chicken or beef and veggies.

(3) Chimichurri: The Go-To Condiment : 

Chimichurri is Argentina’s pesto. It’s served on grilled meats and used as a dipping sauce. It’s commonly found on choripáns and empanadas.There isn’t a set recipe for chimichurri as every Argentinian likes to add his or her own flare to the sauce.Typically, it incorporates parsley, garlic, olive oil, oregano, vinegar, and chili pepper.

(4) Provoleta: Grilled Cheese 2.0 : 

Provoleta is an Italian-inspired dish. It takes provolone cheese and slaps it on the grill. It’s topped with chili flakes and oregano for an extra burst of flavor.As it simmers above the flames, the cheese softens and becomes a delicious melt.Provoleta requires a specifically sized skillet or foil to cook. This is how the dish gets its creamy and smoky flavor. A perfect provoleta is melted on the inside and slightly crispy on the outside.

(5) Milanesa: Delicious Many Ways : 

Take some meat, soak it in egg batter, then fry it up. What do you get? A delicious Argentine dish called Milanesa.Inspired by the Milanese, this dish covers filets of meat in egg batter. It’s breaded and then fried or baked. Milanesa may be served on a sandwich or as an entree.Milanesa is typically made from silverside. This is beef taken from a cow’s leg. It may also be made using a thin cut of chicken breast.Alone, milanesa is delicious. But you can amp up the flavor by ordering it with special toppings.

Weather & geography in  Argentina :
The vast Pampa region fanning out 500 miles from Buenos Aires has an average annual rainfall range of 20 inches in the west to 40 inches in the east.The Andean region extends from the dry north to the heavily glaciated and ice covered mountains of Patagonia. Its trajectory includes the dry mountains and desert west of Cordoba and south of Tucuman and embraces the irrigated valleys on the eastern slopes and foothills of the Andes. Annual precipitation ranges from 4 to 24 inches in the arid regions and 20 to 120 inches in the heaviest rainfall areasPatagonia is a region of arid, windswept plateaus, covering about 300,000 square miles. Except for some irrigated valleys, this is poor, scattered pastureland. Far south, the weather is continuously cold and stormy; the region has no summer, and winters can be severe.Argentina is South America's second largest country, after Brazil, in land area and population. It occupies most of the continent's southern region between the Andes Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. Argentina stretches from 22'S to 55'S latitude a distance of about 2,300 miles and is shaped roughly like an inverted triangle that tapers southward from a base about 1,000 miles wide.Argentina's area of 1,072,067 square miles is about one-third that of the U.S. In climate, size, and topography, Argentina can be compared with the portion of the U.S. between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, although the North American region has colder winters. The humid lowlands of eastern Argentina, especially along the rivers of the Rio de la Plata system, resemble the Mississippi Valley. In northern Argentina, the savannas and swamps of the Chaco region find a parallel in coastal Louisiana. Westward, the humid pampa (plain) gives way to rangeland and finally to desert that is broken only by irrigated oases, just as the Great Plains of the U.S. become drier toward the west. The Andes present a far more imposing barrier than the Rockies, but both mountain systems mark the western end of the plains.

Per day Cost in  Argentina :
You should plan to spend around AR$7,300 ($76) per day on your vacation in Argentina, which is the average daily price based on the expenses of other visitors. Past travelers have spent, on average, AR$2,358 ($25) on meals for one day and AR$1,598 ($17) on local transportation.

History of  Argentina :

The history of Argentina can be divided into four main parts: the pre-Columbian time or early history (up to the sixteenth century), the colonial period (1530–1810), the period of nation-building (1810–1880), and the history of modern Argentina (from around 1880).Prehistory in the present territory of Argentina began with the first human settlements on the southern tip of Patagonia around 13,000 years ago.Written history began with the arrival of Spanish chroniclers in the expedition of Juan Díaz de Solís in 1516 to the Río de la Plata, which marks the beginning of Spanish occupation of this region.In 1776 the Spanish Crown established the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, an umbrella of territories from which, with the Revolution of May 1810, began a process of gradual formation of several independent states, including one called the United Provinces of Río de la Plata. With the declaration of independence on July 9, 1816, and the military defeat of the Spanish Empire in 1824, a federal state was formed in 1853–1861, known today as the Argentine Republic.

Language in Argentina :
While Argentina's official language is Spanish, Argentina has enjoyed so much international migration that Arabic, Italian, German, English, and French are also spoken—at least in pockets throughout the country. There are also over one million speakers of various tribal languages, including Quecha and Guaraní.

Culture of  Argentina :
Argentina’s culture and traditions are a unique blend of Latin American indigenous traditions and European customs. While Spain gained an early foothold in the country, Italian immigration in the 19th century added a Mediterranean flair to the culture and especially the cuisine. The culture of Argentina is as varied as the country's geography and is composed of a mix of ethnic groups. Modern Argentine culture has been largely influenced by Italian, Spanish, and other European immigration, while there is still a lesser degree of elements of Amerindian and African origin and influence, particularly in the fields of music and art. Buenos Aires, its cultural capital, is largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, and of European styles in architecture. Museums, cinemas, and galleries are abundant in all the large urban centers, as well as traditional establishments such as literary bars, or bars offering live music of a variety of genres.

Place to visit in Argentina :
(1) Mar del Plata 

(2) Quebrada de Humahuaca

(3) Ibera Wetlands

(4) Cordoba

(5) Puerto Madryn

(6) Bariloche

Hotel in Argentina :
(1) Alevar Palace Hotel, Buenos Aires

(2) Faena Luxury Hotel, Buenos Aires

(3) Palacio Duhau – Park Hyatt, Buenos Aires

(4) House of Jasmines, Salta, Argentina

(5)  Los Cauquenes Resort, Ushuaia

(6)  Park Hyatt Mendoza, Mendoza 

How to reach in Argentina :
Indian citizen holders of ordinary passport need Visa to enter Argentina. All applications for Tourist Visa and Business Visa to travel to Argentina must be submitted to theConsular Section of the Embassy of the Argentine Republic in New Delhi, India.