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Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria. In 2020, it had a population of 156,872.The town is on the site of the Roman settlement of Iuvavum. Salzburg was founded as an episcopal see in 696 and became a seat of the archbishop in 798. Its main sources of income were salt extraction, trade and gold mining. The fortress of Hohensalzburg, one of the largest medieval fortresses in Europe, dates from the 11th century. In the 17th century, Salzburg became a centre of the Counter-Reformation, with monasteries and numerous Baroque churches built.Salzburg's historic centre is renowned for its Baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centres north of the Alps. The historic center was enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. The city has three universities and a large population of students. Tourists also visit Salzburg to tour the historic centre and the scenic Alpine surroundings. Salzburg was the birthplace of the 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Foods in Salzburg :
(1) Viennese Apfelstrude :
The Germans may argue that the Strudel belongs to them, but Austria has wholeheartedly taken to the sweet crusty Apfelstrudel, which is counted among their national foods. The Apfelstrudel is a flaky pastry that is lined with apple filling and qualifies as vegetarian Austrian food, while the restaurants in Germany also serve a different version. The filling itself is spiced with cinnamon, sugar and added with raisins. The smell of Apfelstrudel right out of the oven can make any foodie go weak in the knees! You can also find it commonly as it’s a beloved Austrian street food and is easily available for a bite anytime. This is amongst the most popular Austrian cuisine.
(2) Wiener Schnitzel: Fried Delight :
If there is one dish that is synonymous with Austrian cooking it is the Schnitzel! Known as the Wiener Schnitzel or the Vienna Schnitzel, it is counted among the Austrian national food dishes. It is a yummy fried delight and is served with a side of fried potatoes and sour cream and onions. You can find this dish right from street food stalls to high-end restaurants! Similar to fish and chips, the Schnitzel is often had at casual lunches. This is a traditional Austrian food.
(3) Vienna Sausage :
The Vienna sausage is bound to feature in your search for authentic Austrian food. Eastern European cuisine is dominated by the use of meats and the sausage is one of the favourite foods of Austrians. This type of sausage is parboiled made of pork and beef and then smoked at low temperatures. It is then used in main dishes or simply fried and served in a hot bun. It is one of the top Austrian foods and hence you must try while on your net trip to Austria.
(4) Knödel: Flavorful Dumpling :
World over various cuisines have their own form of dumplings and Knödel is the form of dumpling that is popular all across Eastern Europe. In fact, it is even served at many Michelin rated restaurants in the world owing to its classic taste. The Austrians too have adopted the Knödel and made it their own. Counted among the best Austrian foods and Austrian snacks, the Knödel can be both sweet and savoury. The savoury Knödel are served as a side dish or even as meatballs in soup, while the best of sweet Knödel is a variety made up of plums.
(5) Tafelspitz: Boiled Beef :
Tafelspitz is a typical Austrian food that is found as a main course in many restaurants across the country. A classic dish, it is made up of beef boiled in a broth of vegetables and spices. The beef is then served with minced apples and horseradish or sour cream with chives. The hearty meal is filling and has rustic beginnings. The name itself refers to a cut of the beef and will mean different things in a food market and a restaurant!
Weather & geography in Salzburg :
Salzburg is part of the temperate zone. The Köppen climate classification specifies the climate as a humid continental climate (Dfb). However, with the −3 °C (27 °F) isotherm for the coldest month, Salzburg can be classified as having four-season oceanic climate with significant temperature differences between seasons. Due to the location at the northern rim of the Alps, the amount of precipitation is comparatively high, mainly in the summer months. The specific drizzle is called Schnürlregen in the local dialect. In winter and spring, pronounced foehn winds regularly occur.Salzburg is on the banks of the River Salzach, at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak, the 1,972‑metre-high Untersberg, is less than 16 kilometres (10 miles) from the city centre. The Altstadt, or "old town", is dominated by its baroque towers and churches and the massive Hohensalzburg Fortress. This area is flanked by two smaller hills, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg, which offer green relief within the city. Salzburg is approximately 150 km (93 mi) east of Munich, 281 km (175 mi) northwest of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and 300 km (186 mi) west of Vienna. Salzburg has about the same latitude of Seattle.
Per day Cost in Salzburg :
You should plan to spend around €123 ($146) per day on your vacation in Salzburg, which is the average daily price based on the expenses of other visitors. Past travelers have spent, on average, €32 ($37) on meals for one day and €16 ($19) on local transportation.
History of Salzburg :
Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to the Neolithic Age. The first settlements in Salzburg continuous with the present were apparently by the Celts around the 5th century BC.Around 15 BC the Roman Empire merged the settlements into one city. At this time, the city was called "Juvavum" and was awarded the status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD. Juvavum developed into an important town of the Roman province of Noricum. After the Norican frontier's collapse, Juvavum declined so sharply that by the late 7th century it nearly became a ruin.The Life of Saint Rupert credits the 8th-century saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. 700, Rupert reconnoitered the river for the site of his basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor of Piding. Rupert named the city "Salzburg". He travelled to evangelise among pagans.The name Salzburg means "Salt Castle" (Latin: Salis Burgium). The name derives from the barges carrying salt on the River Salzach, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers. Hohensalzburg Fortress, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, who made it his residence. It was greatly expanded during the following centuries.
Language in Salzburg :
German is the official language of Austria, with most people in Salzburg speaking the Austro-Bavarian dialect. Most of the younger generation in Salzburg speak English fairly well, but you should have a few German phrases in your pocket just in case.
Culture of Salzburg :
The city we have today was founded in the year 696 when St. Rupert arrived as a missionary and founded the Benedictine Monastery of St. Peter's, which is considered today to be the "Cradle of Salzburg". The area of Salzburg then developed into an independent church state, and was considered to be the "Rome of the North".The sovereign rulers were the Prince Archbishops, they possessed spiritual as well as worldly powers and were responsible for building up the picturesque city that we have today. The old city lays testament to the power of the Archbishops, with its spacious squares, its quaint narrow streets, its numerous churches and monasteries, its impressive castles and palaces lying in expansive gardens and parks; it is a maze of unsquared corners, intriguing lanes, and curious steeples - all nestled between the Mönchsberg (monk's mountain) and the Salzach River.Salzburg's unmistakable silhouette is dominated by the Fortress of Hohensalzburg, which has successfully guarded over the city for more than 900 years. Today, it is considered to be the best preserved Medieval Fortress in all of Central Europe, and offers visitors a chance to step back in time - to explore its numerous chambers or to relax and listen to the music that the city of Salzburg is so well known for. This note on Salzburg would not be complete without the mention of its breathtaking environs: azure glacial lakes, charming, timeless villages, luscious meadows, and the majestic Alps. An intriguing region with endless discovery and adventure possibilities.
Place to visit in Salzburg :
(1) Altstadt Salzburg (Old Town)
(2) Fortress Hohensalzburg
(3) St. Peter's Abbey
(4) St. Peter's Church
(5) Salzburg Cathedral
(6) The Residenzplatz
(7) The Salzburg Residenz and the Residenzgalerie
(8) Hellbrunn Palace and Fountains
(9) Mirabell Palace and Gardens
(10) The Franciscan Church
Hotel in Salzburg :
(1) Muffin Hostel Salzburg
(2) Hotel Salzburgerhof
(3) Hotel Schloss Monchstein
(4) Hotel Sacher Salzburg
How to reach in Salzburg :
The International Mozart Airport Salzburg is the city's main transport hub connecting it to major cities across Europe and especially to multiple cities in Germany. Some major destinations that have direct routes to Salzburg are Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dublin, Birmingham, London, Istanbul, Palma de Mallorca, Paris, Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Vienna, Berlin, Frankfurt, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Zurich and many more. For visitors coming from international destinations, you can catch connecting flights from major European cities like Paris, Frankfurt, Berlin, Amsterdam and London, to get into Salzburg. Major airlines that operate at the Salzburg International Airport British Airways, KLM, Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines, Air Berlin, Austrian Airlines, Finnair, Easy Jet, Ryan Air, SAS Scandinavian Airlines and more.
Travel Guide for Salzburg: Food, hotel, Cost, Weather & geography, History, language, culture, things to see and do and how to reach. – Published by The Beyond News (Travelling).