Sydney Travel Guide : Food, hotel, Cost, Weather & geography, History, language, culture, things to see and do and how to reach

You can find about travel advice such as public places & services, best restaurants, activities, sightseen and other key facts of the Sydney.

Sydney is the capital city of the state of New South Wales, and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, spread across 33 local government areas. Informally there are at least 15 regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2020, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,367,206, meaning the city is home to approximately 66% of the state's population.

Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, and thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. Around 29 clan groups of the Eora Nation inhabited the region at the time of European contact. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area. In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the settlement after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, and over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home.Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, and the city has the third-largest foreign-born population of any city in the world after London and New York City. Between 1971 and 2018, Sydney lost a net number of 716,832 people to the rest of Australia but its population has continued to grow, largely due to immigration.

Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, Sydney frequently ranks in the top ten most liveable cities in the world. It is classified as an Alpha Global City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world.Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance, manufacturing and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs.Established in 1850, the University of Sydney was Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities.Sydney is also home to the oldest library in Australia, the State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826.

Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics. The city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world,with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha (2,500,000 acres) of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country. Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are also well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network.

Foods in  Sydney :
(1) Barramundi : 

Barramundi is a quintessential Australian fish that’s served in restaurants all over the country but is particularly common in Sydney. Native to Australia and the Indo-Pacific, barramundi is a hardy species. They’re naturally high in heart-healthy Omega-3 fatty acids and can be easily farmed without the use of antibiotics or hormones.They’re also a great source of lean protein with a gentle, mild flavour and toothsome texture, and it’s virtually impossible to overcook. Like common types of whitefish, barramundi lacks a strong odour and can be used in a variety of recipes.

(2) Sydney rock oyster : 

The Sydney rock oyster is a culinary jewel of the Australian coast. Though its taste can differ by habitat, the Sydney rock oyster has a deep, rich and lasting sweetness that differentiates it from other oyster varieties. It has a mineral intensity and copper-like finish that can be enjoyed raw, roasted or shallow-fried in a light batter for seasonal or regional nuances.The distinctive flavours of the Sydney rock oyster pair well with fine wine or bacon and Worcestershire sauce, which brings out the briny notes that complement the fatty richness of cured pork.

(3) Australian prawns :  

The balmy climate and year-round sunshine bring a bounty of lush seafood, including sweet, succulent prawns that come in different varieties with unique flavours. King prawns have a sweet, rich flavour and moist flesh that’s perfect for a cocktail dish with dipping sauces, though they can be prepared in a variety of different recipes.Tiger prawns are a beautiful and delicious variety with a medium flavour, often added to soups or paired with mayonnaise or aioli. Most prawn species are great either battered, crumbed or used in tempura dishes, or combined with other regional ingredients for casseroles, paellas and laksas.

(4) Avocado on toast : 

Avocado is a nutritious staple in many Australian recipes, especially for breakfast. Avocado is often mashed onto 1, 2 or 3 slices of toasted, crusty bread for a morning dose of fat and flavour that’s different from butter or margarine.In some spreads, avocado may be combined with feta cheese, sprinkled with sesame seeds, drizzled with olive oil or topped with poached eggs for a unique blend of flavours. You may also find avocado on toast served with black sesame and beetroot hummus, adding some strong flavours and additional nutritional benefits to your breakfast.

(5) Bacon and egg roll : 

Bacon and eggs for breakfast is a British tradition that influenced Australian mornings, but the dish has been transformed into a portable breakfast snack that’s distinctive to the city or region.In Sydney, the bacon and egg roll may be combined with caramelised onions and fresh tomato relish served on an artisan bread roll and filled with grains or seeds. They can also be stuffed with smoked bacon and a fried egg on fresh-baked bread. Whichever way it’s prepared, the bacon and egg roll is a quintessential breakfast food that pairs nutrients with local flavours for a hearty, satisfying morning meal.

(6) Lamington cake :  

A beloved local delicacy that’s considered to be the national cake by many, the lamington is a moist, sweet square of sponge cake that’s soaked in rich chocolate sauce and rolled in flaky coconut.Lamingtons can be found in a variety of cakes at bakeries using creative twists on the classic recipe. Some bakeries prefer to add jam and cream to the centre for a sweeter flavour and richer texture, or topped with salted caramel or dulce de leche for an indulgent dessert.

Weather & geography in  Sydney :

Sydney has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with warm, sometimes hot summers, and winters shifting from mild to cool. ... In the west, the temperatures average between 17.5–28.4 °C (63.5–83.1 °F) in summer. In winter, they're normally between 6.2–17.4 °C (43.2–63.3 °F).The geography of Sydney is characterised by its coastal location on a basin bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Blue Mountains to the west, the Hawkesbury River to the north and the Woronora Plateau to the south. Sydney lies on a submergent coastline on the east coast of New South Wales, where the ocean level has risen to flood deep river valleys (rias) carved in the Sydney sandstone. Port Jackson, better known as Sydney Harbour, is one such ria.The Sydney area lies on Triassic shales and sandstones. The region mostly consists of low rolling hills and wide valleys in a rain shadow area that is shielded by the Great Dividing Range.Sydney sprawls over two major regions: the Cumberland Plain, a relatively flat region lying to the west of Sydney Harbour, and the Hornsby Plateau, a plateau north of the Harbour rising to 200 metres and dissected by steep valleys.Sydney's native plant species are predominantly eucalyptus trees,and its soils are usually red and yellow in texture. The endemic flora is home to a variety of bird, insect, reptile and mammal species, which are conspicuous in urban areas.There are more than 70 harbour and ocean beaches in the urban area. Most of Sydney's water storages are on tributaries of the Nepean River. Parramatta River drains a large area of Sydney's western suburbs. With 5,005,400 inhabitants (as of 2016) and an urban population density of 2037 people per square kilometre, Sydney's urban area covers 1,788 km2 (690 sq mi), comprising 35% of Sydney and is constantly growing.

Per day Cost in  Sydney :

You should plan to spend around AU$191 ($143) per day on your vacation in Australia, which is the average daily price based on the expenses of other visitors. Past travelers have spent, on average, AU$41 ($31) on meals for one day and AU$37 ($28) on local transportation.

History of  Sydney :

The History of Sydney begins in prehistoric times with the occupation of the district by Australian Aboriginals, whose ancestors came to Sydney in the Upper Paleolithic period. The modern history of the city began with the arrival of a First Fleet of British ships in 1788 and the foundation of a penal colony by Great Britain.From 1788 to 1900 Sydney was the capital of the British colony of New South Wales. An elected city council was established in 1840. In 1901, Sydney became a state capital, when New South Wales voted to join the Australian Federation. Sydney today is Australia's largest city and a major international capital of culture and finance. The city has played host to many international events, including the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Language in Sydney :

The dominant language spoken at home, other than English, in the City of Sydney was Mandarin, with 9.9% of the population, or 20,635 people speaking this language at home.

Culture of  Sydney :

The cultural life of Sydney, Australia is dynamic and multicultural. Many of the individual cultures that make up the Sydney mosaic are centred on the cultural, artistic, ethnic, linguistic and religious communities formed by waves of immigration. Sydney is a major global city with a vibrant scene of musical, theatrical, visual, literary and other artistic activity.

Place to visit in Sydney :

(1) Sydney Opera House

(2) Sydney Harbour Bridge

(3) The Rocks

(4) Harbor Cruises from Circular Quay

(5)  Darling Harbour

(6)  The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney

(7) Queen Victoria Building

(8) The Sydney Tower Eye

Hotel in Sydney :

(1) Shangri-La Sydney 

(2) Meriton Suites Kent Street

(3) Four Seasons Hotel Sydney

(4) Sofitel Sydney Darling Harbour 

(5) Hyatt Regency Sydney

How to reach in Sydney :

The flying time from New Delhi to Sydney is 13 hours 27 minutes and the only non-stop flight from New Delhi to Sydney is with Air India, which offers five flights in a week. There are numerous connecting flights from various other carriers too such as Thai, Cathay and Australia's own Qantas Airlines.

Travel Guide for Sydney : Food, hotel, Cost, Weather & geography, History, language, culture, things to see and do and how to reach. – Published by The Beyond News (Travelling).